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Child & Adolescent Telepsychiatry

Team-based Models of Care

  • Team-based Models of Care
  • Jennifer McWilliams, M.D., M.S.
  • Team-based Models of Care are changing the delivery of psychiatric care, for children and adolescents.
  • The ideal Team-based Model of Care is the Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has delineated 5 components of PCMHs: comprehensive care, patient-centered care, coordinated care, accessible services, and quality and safety improvement in services.
  • Telepsychiatry can be utilized in Team-based Models with youth in primary care settings to help build a PCMH. The most commonly used telepsychiatry team-based models currently include: Direct Service, Consultation, and Collaborative Care Models.
  • The success of Team-based Models of Telepsychiatry Care with youth depends on the strength of the working relationships established between the child and adolescent psychiatrist and providers at the patient site. Innovative approaches to relationship-building may be needed to ensure PCPs willingness to share their care of their young with telepsychiatrists.
  • Financial models of care are evolving to pay for Team-based Models of Care and need consideration for child and adolescent services.


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  2. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Patient Centered Medical Home Resource Center. Available at Accessed May 26, 2018.
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  4. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatric Integrated medicine. 2017. Accessed May 20, 2018.
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