HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND)


Abstract: Although AIDS is primarily an immune system disorder, it also affects the nervous system and can lead to a wide range of severe neurological disorders causing such symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness, behavioral changes, headaches, and/or progressive weakness.  Cognitive motor impairment or damage to the peripheral nerves is also common.  Such complications occur in more than 40% of patients with HIV infection.   These disorders may be caused, directly or indirectly, by HIV itself or by infectious, autoimmune, or neoplastic processes secondary to immunodeficiency.  Some neurologic conditions are even caused by antiretroviral drugs.   Symptoms become more frequent and severe as the immune system declines and symptomatic illness and AIDS ensue. This session will provide a brief overview of the clinical manifestations, differential diagnosis, and treatment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, including HIV-associated minor neurocognitive disorder and HIV-associated dementia. Duration: 30 Minutes

This video was originally recorded at the 165th American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting on May 7th, 2012 in Philadelphia, PA.

This educational program made possible with support from the Center for Mental Health Services/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration under contract number HHSS 280 2009 00003C.  The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services; nor does mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 

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